Physical changes and common ailments during pregnancy

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Physical changes and common ailments during pregnancy

Pregnancy affects the entire body of women: cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, nervous, reproductive and urinary systems.

Therefore, it is normal that, throughout the months, you feel some discomfort and pain. These are the major physical changes what will you notice During pregnancyas well as the more common diseases that can affect you.

Physical changes due to pregnancy in the first trimester

  • You will stop menstruating.
  • The uterus will expand: it will grow from the size of a pear to the size of a melon over the next few years. first months of pregnancy. Starting from the second month of pregnancy, she increases about 4 cm in height per month.
  • Your breasts begin to grow: they become heavier and more sensitive.
  • To meet the needs of the fetus, your heart rate increases and will continue to do so until the end of the pregnancy.
  • The effect of hormones causes a drop in your blood pressure.
  • You will feel breathless. Many pregnant women become more aware of their breathing. You will also notice that he produces a lot of saliva, sometimes even excessively.
  • You will start to gain some weight, although some women may lose it due to nausea and vomiting.

Second Trimester Physical Changes

  • The belly swells up and you may notice stretch marks.
  • The uterus continues to grow: the 6th month of pregnancy, it will measure about 24 cm.
  • You will observe an increase in the pigmentation of your skin. Your nipples will darken and a vertical brown line may appear on your belly. They can also be formed irregular spots in your face. This increase in pigmentation will disappear after the baby is born.
  • Your breasts will swell and colostrum may leak from your nipples.
  • Your weight will increase more (from 5 to 7 kilos on average).
  • Your teeth and gums will be more sensitive and may bleed easily.
  • Your mood will probably be more stable.
  • You will feel the first active movements of the fetus (between 18 and 20 weeks). In women who have already been pregnant, they can be perceived earlier (around the 16th week).

Physical changes in the third trimester

  • At 7 months, the height of your uterus will be about 28 cm; at 8 months, 30 cm; and at 9 months, 33 cm.
  • You will continue to gain weight; about 4 kg more during the 3rd
  • Colostrum can drain from your breasts.
  • You will feel more tired.
  • Your blood volume increases, which can lead to pregnancy-related anemia.
  • In some women, high blood pressure can complicate pregnancy.

Common ailments during pregnancy

Below you will find the list of most common diseases during pregnancy.

  • Acidity.
  • Nasal congestion and nosebleeds.
  • Constipation and hemorrhoids.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Groin pain.
  • Swelling in legs and feet.
  • Frequent urge to urinate.
  • Back pain.
  • Headache.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Vaginal discharge.
  • Humor changes.
  • weak breath
  • Varicose veins.

Take note of your symptoms and talk to your health professional when you have a meeting with him. Do not hesitate to contact him at your appointments if you have any questions. Some over the counter drugs can help alleviate some ailments, but it is important to talk to a doctor or pharmacist before using them.

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